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Chanel Official Navigation menu VideoCoco Before Chanel - Official Trailer (2009) The latest tweets from @chanel. Chanel (/ ʃ ə ˈ n ɛ l /, French pronunciation:) is a French fashion house that focuses on women's high fashion and ready-to-wear clothes, luxury goods and accessories. The company is owned by Alain Wertheimer and Gérard Wertheimer, grandsons of Pierre Wertheimer, who was an early business partner of the couturière Coco Chanel. Chanel is a French fashion house founded in by Coco Chanel and focuses on women's high fashion and ready-to-wear clothes, luxury goods and accessories. Chanel products are the epitome for elegance in dress, with blouses, suits, trousers, dresses, and jewellery, and have been personified by male and female fashion models, idols and actresses. 43m Followers, 2 Following, 3, Posts - See Instagram photos and videos from CHANEL (@chanelofficial). CHANEL continues, after almost a century, to inspire women of all ages all over the world with its timeless modernity. From the little black dress to the tweed suit, the quilted handbag to the two. Show only see all. Louis Vuitton Ubuntu Philosophie a French entrepreneur and designer whose name has become iconic Ps4 Download the fashion world. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Get it in your favorite size, color and style on Chanel.
Balsan showered Chanel with the baubles of "the rich life"—diamonds, dresses, and pearls. In , Chanel began an affair with one of Balsan's friends, Captain Arthur Edward 'Boy' Capel.
It is said that Capel's sartorial style influenced the conception of the Chanel look. The bottle design for Chanel No.
It is believed Chanel adapted the rectangular, beveled lines of the Charvet toiletry bottles he carried in his leather traveling case  or she adapted the design of the whiskey decanter Capel used.
She so much admired it that she wished to reproduce it in "exquisite, expensive, delicate glass".
Even after Capel married an English aristocrat, Lady Diana Wyndham in , he did not completely break off with Chanel. He died in a car accident on 21 December In losing Capel, I lost everything.
What followed was not a life of happiness, I have to say. Chanel had begun designing hats while living with Balsan, initially as a diversion that evolved into a commercial enterprise.
She became a licensed milliner in and opened a boutique at 21 rue Cambon, Paris, named Chanel Modes. Subsequently, Dorziat modelled Chanel's hats again in photographs published in Les Modes.
In , Chanel opened a boutique in Deauville , financed by Arthur Capel, where she introduced deluxe casual clothing suitable for leisure and sport.
The fashions were constructed from humble fabrics such as jersey and tricot , at the time primarily used for men's underwear. Chanel had the dedicated support of two family members, her sister Antoinette, and her paternal aunt Adrienne, who was of a similar age.
Chanel, determined to re-create the success she enjoyed in Deauville, opened an establishment in Biarritz in After one year of operation, the business proved to be so lucrative that in Chanel was able to reimburse Capel's original investment.
They had a romantic interlude, and maintained a close association for many years afterward. In , Chanel purchased the building at 31 rue Cambon, in one of the most fashionable districts of Paris.
In , she opened an early incarnation of a fashion boutique , featuring clothing, hats, and accessories, later expanded to offer jewellery and fragrances.
By , Chanel owned five properties on the rue Cambon, buildings numbered 23 to In the spring of approximately May , Chanel was introduced to the Russian composer Igor Stravinsky by Sergei Diaghilev , impresario of the Ballets Russes.
She invited them to her new home, Bel Respiro , in the Paris suburb of Garches , until they could find a suitable residence.
Bader was interested in selling Chanel No. They created a corporate entity, Parfums Chanel , and the Wertheimers agreed to provide full financing for the production, marketing, and distribution of Chanel No.
For ten percent of the stock, Chanel licensed her name to Parfums Chanel and withdrew from involvement in business operations. It is said that theirs was an immediate bond of kindred souls, and Misia was attracted to Chanel by "her genius, lethal wit, sarcasm and maniacal destructiveness, which intrigued and appalled everyone".
They also shared drug use. By , Chanel had become a habitual drug user, injecting herself with morphine on a daily basis, a habit she maintained to the end of her life.
The writer Colette , who moved in the same social circles as Chanel, provided a whimsical description of Chanel at work in her atelier, which appeared in Prisons et Paradis :.
If every human face bears a resemblance to some animal , then Mademoiselle Chanel is a small black bull. That tuft of curly black hair, the attribute of bull-calves, falls over her brow all the way to the eyelids and dances with every maneuver of her head.
In , Vera Bate Lombardi , born Sarah Gertrude Arkwright , reputedly the illegitimate daughter of the Marquess of Cambridge , afforded Chanel entry into the highest levels of British aristocracy.
It was an elite group of associations revolving around such figures as politician Winston Churchill , aristocrats such as the Duke of Westminster, and royals such as Edward, Prince of Wales.
In Monte Carlo in , at age forty, Chanel was introduced by Lombardi to the vastly wealthy Duke of Westminster, Hugh Richard Arthur Grosvenor , known to his intimates as "Bendor".
The duke lavished Chanel with extravagant jewels, costly art, and a home in London's prestigious Mayfair district. His affair with Chanel lasted ten years.
The duke, an outspoken anti-Semite, intensified Chanel's inherent antipathy toward Jews. He shared with her an expressed homophobia.
In , Chanel was quoted by her friend and confidant, Paul Morand ,. I have seen young women ruined by these awful queers: drugs, divorce, scandal.
They will use any means to destroy a competitor and to wreak vengeance on a woman. The queers want to be women—but they are lousy women. They are charming!
Coinciding with her introduction to the duke, was her introduction, again through Lombardi, to Lombardi's cousin, the Prince of Wales, Edward VIII.
The prince allegedly was smitten with Chanel and pursued her in spite of her involvement with the Duke of Westminster. Gossip had it that he visited Chanel in her apartment and requested that she call him "David", a privilege reserved only for his closest friends and family.
Years later, Diana Vreeland , editor of Vogue , would insist that "the passionate, focused and fiercely independent Chanel, a virtual tour de force," and the Prince "had a great romantic moment together".
In , the Duke of Westminster gave Chanel a parcel of land he had purchased in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin on the French Riviera. Chanel built a villa here, which she called La Pausa [ citation needed ] 'restful pause' , hiring the architect Robert Streitz.
Streitz's concept for the staircase and patio contained design elements inspired by Aubazine , the orphanage where Chanel spent her youth.
There is only one Chanel. During Chanel's affair with the Duke of Westminster in the s, her style began to reflect her personal emotions.
Her inability to reinvent the little black dress was a sign of such reality. She began to design a "less is more" aesthetic.
In , while in Monte Carlo Chanel became acquainted with Samuel Goldwyn. She was introduced through a mutual friend, the Grand Duke Dmitri Pavlovich , cousin to the last czar of Russia, Nicolas II.
Goldwyn offered Chanel a tantalizing proposition. Chanel accepted the offer. Accompanying her on her first trip to Hollywood was her friend, Misia Sert.
En route to California from New York, traveling in a white train carriage luxuriously outfitted for her use, Chanel was interviewed by Colliers magazine in She said that she had agreed to go to Hollywood to "see what the pictures have to offer me and what I have to offer the pictures.
Both Greta Garbo and Marlene Dietrich became private clients. Her experience with American movie making left Chanel with a dislike for Hollywood's film business and a distaste for the film world's culture, which she called "infantile".
The New Yorker speculated that Chanel left Hollywood because "they told her her dresses weren't sensational enough. She made a lady look like a lady.
Hollywood wants a lady to look like two ladies. Chanel introduced the left-wing Renoir to Luchino Visconti , aware that the shy Italian hoped to work in film.
Renoir was favorably impressed by Visconti and brought him in to work on his next film project. Chanel was the mistress of some of the most influential men of her time, but she never married.
She had significant relationships with the poet Pierre Reverdy and the illustrator and designer Paul Iribe. After her romance with Reverdy ended in , they maintained a friendship that lasted some forty years.
A review of her correspondence reveals a complete contradiction between the clumsiness of Chanel the letter writer and the talent of Chanel as a composer of maxims Her involvement with Iribe was a deep one until his sudden death in The Chanel couture was a lucrative business enterprise, by employing 4, people.
The boyish look and the short skirts of the s flapper seemed to disappear overnight. Chanel's designs for film stars in Hollywood were not successful and had not enhanced her reputation as expected.
More significantly, Chanel's star had been eclipsed by her premier rival, the designer Elsa Schiaparelli. Schiaparelli's innovative designs, replete with playful references to surrealism , were garnering critical acclaim and generating enthusiasm in the fashion world.
Feeling she was losing her avant-garde edge, Chanel collaborated with Jean Cocteau on his theatre piece Oedipe Rex. The costumes she designed were mocked and critically lambasted: "Wrapped in bandages the actors looked like ambulant mummies or victims of some terrible accident.
However, due to the declaration of war by Great Britain on 3 September , the ballet was forced to leave London. They left the costumes in Europe and were re-made, according to Dali's initial designs, by Karinska.
In , at the beginning of World War II, Chanel closed her shops, maintaining her apartment situated above the couture house at 31 Rue de Cambon.
She said that it was not a time for fashion;  as a result of her action, 4, female employees lost their jobs. In closing her couture house, Chanel made a definitive statement of her political views.
Her dislike of Jews, reportedly sharpened by her association with society elites, had solidified her beliefs. She shared with many of her circle a conviction that Jews were a threat to Europe because of the Bolshevik government in the Soviet Union.
During the German occupation, Chanel resided at the Hotel Ritz. It was noteworthy as the preferred place of residence for upper-echelon German military staff.
Her romantic liaison with Baron Hans Günther von Dincklage , a German aristocrat and member of Dincklage noble family. He served as diplomat in Paris and was former Prussian Army officer and Attorney General who had been an operative in military intelligence since ,  : 57 who eased her arrangements at the Ritz.
Sleeping with the Enemy, Coco Chanel and the Secret War written by Hal Vaughan further solidifies the consistencies of the French intelligence documents released by describing Coco as a "vicious anti-Semite" who praised Hitler.
World War II, specifically the Nazi seizure of all Jewish-owned property and business enterprises, provided Chanel with the opportunity to gain the full monetary fortune generated by Parfums Chanel and its most profitable product, Chanel No.
The directors of Parfums Chanel , the Wertheimers, were Jewish. Chanel used her position as an " Aryan " to petition German officials to legalize her claim to sole ownership.
I have an indisputable right of priority At war's end, Amiot returned "Parfums Chanel" to the hands of the Wertheimers.
During the period directly following the end of World War II, the business world watched with interest and some apprehension the ongoing legal wrestle for control of Parfums Chanel.
Interested parties in the proceedings were cognizant that Chanel's Nazi affiliations during wartime, if made public knowledge, would seriously threaten the reputation and status of the Chanel brand.
Forbes magazine summarized the dilemma faced by the Wertheimers: [it is Pierre Wertheimer's worry] how "a legal fight might illuminate Chanel's wartime activities and wreck her image—and his business.
On 17 May , Chanel received wartime profits from the sale of Chanel No. Her future share would be two percent of all Chanel No. The financial benefit to her would be enormous.
In addition, Pierre Wertheimer agreed to an unusual stipulation proposed by Chanel herself. Wertheimer agreed to pay all of Chanel's living expenses—from the trivial to the large—for the rest of her life.
Pseudonym: Westminster. Agent reference: F Signalled as suspect in the file" Pseudonyme: Westminster.
Indicatif d'agent: F Anti-Nazi activist Serge Klarsfeld declared, "It is not because Chanel had a spy number that she was necessarily personally implicated.
Some informers had numbers without being aware of it. Vaughan establishes that Chanel committed herself to the German cause as early as and worked for General Walter Schellenberg , chief of the German intelligence agency Sicherheitsdienst Security Service; SD and the military intelligence spy network Abwehr Counterintelligence at the Reich Main Security Office Reichssicherheitshauptamt ; RSHA in Berlin.
He was released in owing to incurable liver disease and took refuge in Italy. Chanel paid for Schellenberg's medical care and living expenses, financially supported his wife and family, and paid for Schellenberg's funeral upon his death in Suspicions of Coco Chanel's involvement first began when German tanks entered Paris and began the Nazi occupation.
Chanel immediately sought refuge in the deluxe Hotel Ritz, which was also used as the headquarters of the German military.
It was at the Hotel Ritz where she fell in love with Baron Hans Gunther von Dincklage, working in the German embassy close to the Gestapo.
When the Nazi occupation of France began, Chanel decided to close her store, claiming a patriotic motivation behind such decision.
However, when she moved into the same Hotel Ritz that was housing the German military, her motivations became clear to many.
While many women in France were punished for " horizontal collaboration " with German officers, Chanel faced no such action. At the time of the French liberation in , Chanel left a note in her store window explaining Chanel No.
During this time, she fled to Switzerland to avoid criminal charges for her collaborations as a Nazi spy. In late , French intelligence agencies declassified and released documents confirming Coco Chanel's role with Germany in World War II.
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Marco Castelli.The CHANEL Online Boutique is available at , Monday – Thursday, from 9am – 5pm ET and Friday from 9am – pm ET, or via email. Order Complimentary samples, CHANEL Exclusive packaging and free returns with every order. Chanel (/ ʃ ə ˈ n ɛ l /, French pronunciation:) is a French fashion house that focuses on women's high fashion and ready-to-wear clothes, luxury goods and accessories. The company is owned by Alain Wertheimer and Gérard Wertheimer, grandsons of Pierre Wertheimer, who was an early business partner of the couturière Coco pestcontrol-columbusoh.com her youth, Gabrielle Chanel gained the . 14 Chanel's ascendancy was the official deathblow to the corseted female silhouette. The frills, fuss, and constraints endured by earlier generations of women were now passé; under her influence—gone were the "aigrettes, long hair, hobble skirts".Awards: Neiman Marcus Fashion Award,